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Social Movements, Memory and Media - Narrative in Action in the Italian and Spanish Student Movements

von: Lorenzo Zamponi

Palgrave Macmillan, 2018

ISBN: 9783319685519 , 343 Seiten

Format: PDF, OL

Kopierschutz: Wasserzeichen

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Social Movements, Memory and Media - Narrative in Action in the Italian and Spanish Student Movements


 

Acknowledgements

7

Contents

9

List of Figures

11

List of Tables

12

Part I: Introduction, Background and Methods

13

1: Introduction

14

References

22

Bibliography

22

2: Memory and Movements: A Long Research Path

23

1 Conceptualising Memory in Social Science

23

2 Memory and Legacies in Social Movement Studies

28

3 The Media as the Arena of Public Memory

33

4 Memory and Movements: A Research Agenda

35

Memory in Discourse

35

Memory in Action

37

References

38

Bibliography

38

3: The Student Movements in Italy and Spain and How to Study Their Memories

46

1 Research Design and Case Studies

46

Contentious Past

49

Present

50

2 Media Content Analysis

52

3 Interviews with Contemporary Activists

54

Memory in Located Memory Texts

55

4 An Experience of Engaged Research

58

References

61

Bibliography

61

Part II: Memory in Discourse: Representations of the 1960s and 1970s in the Media Forum

65

4: Contentious Memories of the Italian Student Movement: The ‘Long 1968’ in the Field of Public Memory

66

1 The Student Movement, 1968, 1977

66

2 Historiography

67

3 Public Memory

69

Cinema, TV, and the Press

69

Memoirs and Narrative

72

4 Tracing the Paths of Two Events in 40 Years of Public Memory

75

Sources

75

Events

76

Some Peculiar Cultural Artefacts as Memory Carriers

78

5 The ‘Battle of Valle Giulia’

85

6 The ‘Chase of Lama’

95

7 Concluding Remarks

103

Possessive Memory and Contentious Politics

103

The Decreasing Malleability of Mnemonic Material

104

The Two 1968s: 1968-Counterculture Versus the 1968-Struggle

105

Valle Giulia as the Canon of Social Conflict (the Role of Cultural Artefacts)

106

Repositories of Memory

107

References

122

Bibliography

122

5: Contentious Memories of the Spanish Student Movement: Representations of the Spanish 1968 in the Public Memory of the Transition

126

1 The Spanish 1968 Between Student Mobilisation and Anti-Francoism

127

2 The Debate on Memory and the Spanish Transition

128

3 Sources: The Spanish Press and the Transition to Democracy

129

4 La Capuchinada: 1968 Before 1968

130

5 ‘En extrañas circunstancias’: The Memory and Oblivion of Enrique Ruano’s Death

151

6 Concluding Remarks

169

Political Context, Social Mobilisation, and Different Narratives

169

Actors: Appropriation and Possessive Memory

170

Democratisation, Controversial Victims, and the Sixty-­Eight-­isation of Spanish Memory

170

References

180

Bibliography

180

Part III: Memory in Action: Mnemonic Practices, Collective Identities and Strategic Choices in Contemporary Student Movements

183

6: Syntax: The Forms of Memory

184

1 Memories, Legacies, Continuities, and Rituals: Keeping Together Macro, Meso, and Micro Levels

184

2 Syntax: The Forms of Memory

186

Origin Stories and Foundation Myths

187

Organisational or Material Structures Remaining from the Past

190

Protest Traditions and Political Connotations of the Local Field of Action

194

Comparisons Between Waves of Mobilisation

197

‘Classical’ Repertoires and the Textbook of Student Mobilisation

198

3 Concluding Remarks

201

References

203

Bibliography

203

Interviews

204

7: Semantics: The Competing Narratives of Student Movement Memories

205

1 Introduction

205

Competing Memories

208

Resisting Memories

211

2 What Past Do Activist Refer To?

213

Italy

214

Spain

222

3 Analogies and Differences

227

4 ‘We Start from Scratch Every Time’: The Eternal Turnover of the Student Movement

230

5 ‘What Came Before Us, We Lived It, as an Organisation’: Movement Areas as Mnemonic Communities

234

6 ‘I Learned It from the Newspapers’: A Complex Repertoire, Plural Repositories, and Movement Culture Permeability

241

7 Concluding Remarks

243

References

245

Bibliography

245

Interviews

247

8: Pragmatics: Memory, Identity, and Strategy

249

1 The Return of the ‘Already Seen’: Comparisons from Outside and Movement Reactions

253

2 Imagined Continuities: Comparisons from Inside and Movement Appropriation of Memory

259

3 Cultural Traumas

263

4 Knowing the Textbook and Learning from It

266

5 No Trespassing: Historical Taboos, Inherited Proscriptions, and Metonymies

267

6 Born This Way: The Groups’ Given Identities and the Curse of History

269

7 Memory Work and Memory at Work: Dealing with Inherited Identities in the Context of Mobilisation

273

8 Limited Apostasy: Downplaying Identity

274

9 Unity and Innovation in the Emergence of Mobilisation

278

10 Sweet Weight: The Limits of Apostasy and the Choice of Compliance

281

11 The Lighter the Better: The Strategic Exploitation of the Others’ Inherited Constraints

284

12 ‘There and Back Again’: Mobilisation as the Context of Change

287

13 Concluding Remarks

290

References

292

Bibliography

292

Interviews

293

9: Conclusions

295

1 Collective Memory and Social Movements

295

2 Memory: A Complex Repertoire and Plural Repositories

296

3 Movements: An Embedded History in Identity, Strategy, and Continuity

300

4 Proposals for a Contextual Analysis of Mnemonic Processes

306

5 Open Questions

318

References

319

Bibliography

319

Bibliography

323

Interviews

337

Index

339