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Organ Transplantation: Ethical, Legal and Psychosocial Aspects - Expanding the European Platform

Organ Transplantation: Ethical, Legal and Psychosocial Aspects - Expanding the European Platform

von: W. Weimar, M. A. Bos, J. J. V. Busschbach

Pabst Science Publishers, 2011

ISBN: 9783899676396 , 433 Seiten

Format: PDF, OL

Kopierschutz: DRM

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Organ Transplantation: Ethical, Legal and Psychosocial Aspects - Expanding the European Platform


 

Contents

6

1. Introduction

12

Borders in Transplantation

14

Volcanic Ash, Skype and the ELPAT Congress 2010*

17

Expanding Living Organ Donation in Europe and the New EU Member States

27

The Role of the Council of Europe and the European Union with Respect to Cross-border Aspects of Organ Transplantation

33

Self-imposed Boundaries: Institutional Constraints on Organ Procurement

42

2. Organ Tourism and Paid Donation

50

Organ Trafficking – An Ethnographic Study on the Selling of Organs in Moldova and Israel

52

The Organ Shortage in the Balkans! Pakistan – The New Hope on the Horizon

59

Solving the Kidney Transplant Crisis for Minority Ethnic Groups in the UK: Is being Transplanted Overseas the Answer?

63

The Paradox of Organ Trafficking Prohibition: How to Control the Potential Adverse Effects of the Declaration of Istanbul

74

A Regulated System of Incentives for Living Donation: Let’s Move on to the Next Phase

82

3. Diverse Populations

92

Organ Donation and Transplantation through the Lens of Muslim Scholars

94

Explaining Low Rates of Organ Donation among Minority Ethnic Groups: A Holistic Approach

100

Ethnicity and Access to Kidney Transplant Programs: A Retrospective Study

108

Gift-exchange Theory, Organ Donation and Religion: What is the Connection?

113

Is ‘Gifting’ a Relevant Concept to Promote Organ Donation? The Views of UK’s Religious Leaders – 2009/2010

118

Moral Obligation of the United States Federal Government in Providing for Post-renal Transplantation Immunosuppression

125

Cultural Barriers for Setting up a Kidney Trans-plantation Program in the Indigenous Popula-tion of Chiapas, Mexico

129

4. Legal and Ethical Boundaries for Organ Transplantation

134

Pseudo-noncommercialism: The Trojan Horse of the Organ Market

136

The Exclusion of Organ Transplantation from the Cross Border Care Directive: Boundary or Opportunity?

143

Respect for the Individual: A Human Right in post-mortem use of the Body for Transplantation

149

With a Limited Number of Kidneys, who should be Placed on the Waiting List?

156

To what Extent should the Concept of „Equity in Organ Allocation“ be Defined?*

172

Directed and Conditional Donation: Reflections on Principles and Practice

181

Legal Aspects of Donation after Cardiac Death in the United Kingdom

191

Initial Experience with Transplantation of Lungs Recovered from Donors after Euthanasia

198

Philosophical Considerations on Active Euthanasia and Organ Harvesting Practices

210

Media Analysis of Romanian Debates on Presumed Consent – Ethical and Legal Aspects

219

Risks for Living Kidney Donors: A Comparison with Volunteer Participation in Clinical Trials

230

Just because we can, should we? An Ethical Approach to Temporary Alternatives as a Bridge to Paediatric Transplant

236

5. Deceased Donation

244

Organ Donation as End-of-Life Care: Ante-Mortem Treatment of the Potential Organ Donor

246

Brain Based Criteria for Diagnosing Death: What does it Mean to Family Members Approached about Organ Donation?

253

The Role of Moral Counseling during Decision Making by Proxies of Potential Deceased Donors

258

Deceased Organ Donation, Culture and the Objectivity of Death

268

Children as Donors: Issues for Parents and Professionals

275

Seeking Normality: Life on the Kidney Transplant List

282

Influence of Demographical and Administrative Factors on the Deceased Organ Donor Rate in Latvia

290

Registration of Living Kidney Donors in the Dutch Deceased Donor Registry

295

Ethical Considerations on Face Donation

300

6. Psychological Care for Living Donors and Recipients

302

Three-part Modeling of the Decision to Accept a Live Donation: Certainty, Refusal, Questioning

304

Predictors of the Willingness to Consider Living Donor Kidney Transplantation in Haemodialysis Patients

313

Evaluation of Effectiveness of Information for the Candidate to Kidney Donation

323

Evaluation of Patient Quality of Life after Simultaneous Kidney-Pancreas Transplantation: A Fifteen-Year Experience at a Single Center

330

Sleep Quality Description based on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index in Renal Transplant Recipients

338

Psychosocial Characteristics Predictive of Post-operative Mental Health in Living-related Liver or Kidney Donors: A Systematic Literature Review

348

Issues in Adherence to Lifestyle and Medication Regimen after Solid Organ Transplantation

356

7. Samaritan / Unrelated Donation

364

Altruism: Reciprocity/Solidarity Approach

366

Altruistic Donation to Strangers: Donor Motivation and Interpersonal Values

371

One Donor, two Samaritan Transplantations: An Unrelated Donor should be Allowed to Donate Twice

379

The Feasibility of Altruistic Kidney Donation in Combination with Domino-Paired Donation

386

The Promotion of Living Kidney Donation: Lessons for and from the United States

392

Allocation of Non-Directed Living-Donor Organs

397

Review of Ethical Guidelines for the Evaluation of Living Organ Donors

408

A Retrospective Analysis of Living Kidney Donation at a Quebec Transplant Centre: A Rationale for Exchange Programs

418

Addresses of Authors

426